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Sand Springs Public Schools



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Sandite Intervention Team 

Introduction to Response to Intervention

Response to Intervention, or RtI, is a prevention framework that involves schools:

  • Providing a research-based curriculum to all students in academic and behavior areas.
  • Identifying students who are not meeting standards.
  • Planning and providing scientific research-based interventions in a timely manner.
  • Monitoring student progress.toward identified goals
  • Intervening at increasingly intensive levels if students do not progress toward goals. 

Although the research for RtI primarily applies to reading and math, it can be applied to all content areas. It is an overarching framework that aligns all school services and supports (general and special education) to ensure success for all students. The National Center for Response to Intervention defines RtI as the integration of "assessment and intervention within a multi-level prevention system to maximize student achievement and to reduce behavior problems. With RTI, schools identify students at risk for poor learning outcomes, monitor student progress, provide evidence-based interventions and adjust the intensity and nature of those interventions depending on a student’s responsiveness, and identify students with learning disabilities.”

Three-Tiered Framework

The Oklahoma State Department of Education (OSDE) recommends a three-tiered framework of assessment and intervention support. A brief description of each tier is provided below:

  • Tier 1: Core Curriculum with Differentiated Instruction is provided to all students and should be sufficient for approximately 80-90% of students.
  • Tier 2: Supplemental Targeted Instruction is typically provided in small groups and may be necessary to meet the needs of those students who do not make adequate progress in Tier I. Approximately 5-15% of students may need Tier 2 support.  Examples of Tier 2 interventions include but are not limited to Title 1 instruction, computer-based instruction, leveled small group instruction in the general education classroom, and tutoring.
  • Tier 3: Intensive Targeted Instruction is often provided individually or in very small groups and should only be necessary for a very small number of students, perhaps 1-5%. Examples of Tier 3 interventions include small group instruction using a researched-based program such as SRA Direct Instruction. Additional research-based interventions are listed in the district RTI manual. 


Academic interventions typically occur in a small group setting. These small groups typically include a Certified teacher and/or a Highly Qualified Para-Professional. Also, these groups are limited to 10 students per session. Typically, a combination of direct instruction and computer based interventions are combined on a rotating basis in order to provide a higher teacher to student ratio during instruction, and then utilize the available technology to provide immediate corrective feedback, and progress monitoring during practice of the developing skills.


Repeated Reading/Guided Reading- These are interventions that can be conducted with reading buddies, parents, teachers, staff members, or volunteers and focus on multiple, timed readings of short texts to help build fluency or accuracy skills.


Study Island: Reading- This is a web-based program designed to assist with reading skills. The program incorporates the Oklahoma objectives and monitors each student’s progress through developing skills.


SRA Reading: Decoding- This is a program designed to help students who have trouble identifying words, who don’t understand how the arrangement of letters in a word relates to its pronunciation, and whose reading rate is inadequate.


SRA Reading: Comprehension- This program is designed to help readers who do not follow instructions well, lack vocabulary and background knowledge needed to understand what they read, and have poor thinking skills.


Title 1: Reading- Title I is a program that is able to assist students who don’t meet grade level expectations by providing additional assistance. Title I can be utilized as type of intervention for collecting data to inform decisions. 



Math Drill- These are interventions often conducted within the general education classroom. Math buddies, teachers, staff members, or volunteers will work either one-on-one or in small groups to provide practice at a specific skill.


SRA Corrective Mathematics- This is a series of seven modules, utilizing direct instruction, intended as an intervention program for students struggling with math calculation, or number operations.


SRA Connecting Math Concepts- This is a direct instruction program designed to introduce basic math concepts for grade levels K-2nd in a highly structured method.


Study Island: Math- This is a web-based program that provides practice in specific skill areas. This program is designed to focus on Oklahoma P.A.S.S. objectives, and also provides corrective feedback and progress monitoring.


Title I: Math- Title I is a program that is able to assist students who don’t meet grade level expectations by providing additional assistance. Title I can be utilized as type of intervention for collecting data to inform decisions.



Behavioral Interventions- Not all school difficulties result from a lack of academic skills. Behavioral interventions provide the district with a means to address personal or social student behaviors that are negatively impacting their successfulness within the general education environment. More than academic interventions, behavioral interventions tend be to specifically tailored to the individual student.


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